An illustrator is an artist who specializes in enhancing writing or modifying concepts by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text or idea. The illustration may be intended to clarify complicated concepts or objects that are difficult to describe textually, which is the reason illustrations are often found in children’s books.
Illustration is the art of making images that work with something and add to it without needing direct attention and without distracting from the thing they illustrate. The other thing is the focus of the attention, and the illustration’s role is to add personality
and character without competing with that other thing.
Illustrations have been used in advertisements, architectural rendering, greeting cards, posters, books, graphic novels, character creation, storyboards, manuals, business, magazines, shirts greeting cards, video games, tutorials and newspapers. A cartoon illustration can add humour to stories or essays.





The use reference images to create scenes and characters. This can be as simple as looking at an image to inspire your artwork, or creating character sketches and detailed scenes from different angles to create the basis of a picture book world. Some traditional illustration techniques include watercolor, pen and ink, airbrush art, oil painting, pastels, wood engraving, and linoleum cuts. John Held, Jr. was an illustrator who worked in a variety of styles and media, including linoleum cuts, pen and ink drawings, magazine cover paintings, cartoons, comic strips, and set design, while also creating fine art with his animal sculptures and watercolor, many established illustrators attended an art school or college of some sort and were trained in different painting and drawing techniques.

Universities and art schools offer specific courses in illustration (for example in the UK, a BA (Hons) Degree) so this has become a new avenue into the profession. Many illustrators are freelance, commissioned by publishers (of newspapers, books, or magazines) or advertising agencies. Most scientific illustrations and technical illustrations are also known as information graphics. Among the information graphics specialists are medical illustrators who illustrate human anatomy, often requiring many years of artistic and medical training.
A particularly popular medium with illustrators of
the 1950s and 1960s was casein, as was egg tempera. The immediacy and durability of these media suited illustration’s demands well. The artwork in both types of paint withstood the rigors of travel to clients and printers without damage.

Digital illustration is the technique of using a computer to produce original artwork. Digital illustrators use a combination of illustration software and image editing software to create computer art. Digital illustration is not merely the manipulation of images with software; it is the actual creation of new art with digital tools.
Computer illustration or digital illustration is the use of digital tools to produce images under the direct manipulation of the artist, usually through a pointing device such as a tablet or a mouse.
Computers dramatically changed the industry and today many cartoonists and illustrators create digital illustrations using computers, graphics tablets, and scanners. Software such as Adobe Illustrator or Adobe Photoshop are now widely used by those professionals.






Best known as the crerator of the manga Akira which then became adapted to animated film, Otomo’s attention to detail, as typified by his hyper-realistic drawing style is hailed as one that carved out a new cultural phenomenon and is often referred to as the reason why anime as modern artform came to global recognition by many wetsern fans of the Japanese artform.
His adaoption of the realistic approach was pivotal to influencing and changing the landscape of manga in Japan.
His ability to tap into the uniqueness of a variety of characters that existed around him and the translation of these into visual material, in addition to for
eign influences i.e. the New York city scapes as well as European and American comics, gave his work a warm believable feel. His most successful and most acclaimed work, Akira, took 8years and spanned 2000 pagesof artwork, with its adaptation big screen in 1988. Apart from the photo-realistic quality of the backgrounds, the complexity of the characters and themes are intriguing factors in Otomo’s work.
The attention to intricate detail in displayed in Otomo’s illustrative technique, and the complex backgroud stories woven to create a general plot is an inspiration I draw from and consistently work towards in my quest for a refinement my visual language

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Jim Lee is a Korean American comic book artist, writer, editor, and publisher. He entered the industry in 1987 as an artist for Marvel Comics, illustrating titles such as Alpha Flight and The Punisher War Journal, before gaining popularity on The Uncanny X-Men. X-Men No. 1, the 1991 spin-off series premiere that Lee penciled and co-wrote with Chris Claremont, remains the best-selling comic book of all time, according to Guinness World Records.
In 1992, Lee and several other artists formed their own publishing company, Image Comics, to publish their creator-owned titles, with Lee publishing titles such as WildC.A.T.s and Gen through his studio Wildstorm Productions. Eschewing the role of publisher in order to return to illustration, Lee sold Wildstorm in 1998 to DC Comics, where he contin
ued to run it as a DC imprint until 2010, as well as illustrating successful titles set in DC’s main fictional universe, such as the year-long “Batman: Hush” and “Superman: For Tomorrow” storylines. On February 18, 2010, Jim Lee was announced as the new Co-Publisher of DC Comics with Dan DiDio, both replacing Paul Levitz.
He has received a Harvey Award, Inkpot Award and three Wizard Fan Awards in recognition for his work. Lee is known to use F lead for his pencil work. While inking his own pencils on Punisher: War Journal, Lee began using a crowquill nib for the first time.
Lee is known to use F lead for his pencil work. While inking his own pencils on Punisher: War Journal, Lee began using a crowquill nib for the first time.

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